- Basically, headaches can occur in all parts of the head such as a back headache, headache on the left or right side or an upper headache. The appearance of pain in each part of the head has a different background cause.
- Medically, headaches are also known as cephalalgia, which is defined as pain in the head. This occurs when the nociceptor is in the head, ie sensory neurons respond to pain.
- From this receptor, there will be a pain in the head resulting from stimuli such as muscle tension, stress, or dilated blood vessels. Pain will arise when the receptor sends messages to nerve cells in the brain.
- Pain that is felt in the head can accumulate on one side and can also spread to the front or back of the head. Someone who has a headache will feel very difficult to enjoy any activities.
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Causes of Back Headache
Basically, headaches can be caused by interference with the structure of the constituent head itself, including muscles, nerves and blood vessels. Headaches may also be influenced by other factors such as suffering from an illness to psychological and environmental situations.
Here are some of the causes of back headaches that you should know, including:
The cause of back headaches can be triggered by severe physical activity. Heavy activities include: straining during defecation, sexual activity to running. In some cases, this back headache can be felt just behind the eyes.
This back head dizziness usually lasts for 20 minutes. In general, this back head dizziness does not indicate a serious problem, but it may also be a sign of blood vessel disorders in the brain, although this is very rare. Immediately consult a doctor if you often get this disease.
Back headaches can occur because the muscles located in the neck and shoulders experience tension. The tension of the muscles can be caused by factors such as lack of sleep, anxiety, stress, fatigue, toothache, and poor posture.
In addition, back head pain can also be caused by chronic daily headaches that are triggered by injury to the neck or fatigue. This back headache attacks women more often as a result of the muscles in the back of the neck stiffening.
In certain cases, doctors can combine with antidepressant drugs. Meanwhile, painkillers are not recommended for chronic daily headaches because it can actually worsen the condition.
A sinus headache
The mucous membrane lining the cavity can release mucus which is useful for moistening the nose.
A carcinogenic headache
A carcinogenic headache is a secondary type of headache caused by neck problems. Carcinogenic headaches can be divided into two, namely myogenic and vertebrogenic headaches.
Myogenic headaches can occur when the neck muscles are tense, while vertebrogenic headaches occur when the bone joints in the neck are dysfunctional.
A basilar migraine
Other back headaches can also be caused by a basilar migraine. Unlike most migraines, this basilar migraine is felt behind the head, specifically the basilar artery. Migraines are often preceded by symptoms such as blurred vision, ringing in the ears, dizziness, to hearing or speaking disorders.
But in addition to the symptoms that are quite disturbing, the migraine does not make the sufferer feel weak, although in certain cases, it should be wary because this type of migraine is associated with stroke. Immediately consult a doctor if you experience headaches with symptoms resembling a basilar migraine.
Occipital neuralgia refers to a medical condition that can occur when the occipital nerve is damaged. Back headaches can occur due to nerve damage and inflammation due to infection, neck injury, osteoarthritis or tumors.
This back headache is sometimes considered a migraine because the symptoms are almost the same. The pain that is felt in the occipital neuralgia is generally like a sharp electric shock that pierces the head and neck.
Handling Rear Headache
Once you know the causes of back headaches, you also need to know how to deal with back headaches. Here are some ways to treat back headaches that can be easily done at home, including:
Massaging the head
Give a gentle massage to the affected area. In addition, try to give a gentle massage to the neck, back, shoulders and temples. This gentle massage can also reduce muscle tension that causes headaches to appear.
Not only compresses, but you can also try bathing with warm water. Warm baths are believed to be effective in reducing muscle tension so as to relieve back headaches.
In addition to using warm water, compressing using ice can also be done to reduce headaches due to migraines.
If you experience a headache you should sleep in a quiet and dark room. Turn off the lights while sleeping to make it more comfortable. In addition, avoid the trigger factors for headaches, such as regulating a good lifestyle and managing stress.
Rear Headache Medicine
If some of the handlings of a back headache above doesn’t help to relieve pain, there’s nothing wrong with taking drugs to relieve the pain you are experiencing.
The type of medication for headaches that you can use is painkillers which can be purchased freely at the pharmacy. But you should consult with your doctor so that drugs are given according to your health condition.
As a precautionary measure, your doctor may also recommend that you take antidepressant drugs, drugs that relax muscles, drugs to control blood pressure, or anticonvulsant drugs.
In the end, back headache medication accompanied by additional care at home can be a solution to relieve back headaches. However, beware of back headaches that don’t heal or cause unbearable pain. Immediately consult a doctor to find out what disease you are experiencing.